Friday Night Organ Redux finale! The Italian Renaissance takes England by STORM!  

 

The Evil Genius
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22/03/2019 6:11 pm  

The Renaissance began in Italy and influenced music throughout Spain, France, Belgium and the Netherlands. We know from the Madrigals of Thomas Morley that the Italian renaissance had arrived in England like an invasion fleet. The English took hold of the Renaissance and RAN with it.

The lead-off man is John Taverner (1490--1545) Not much is is known of Taverner's activities prior to 1524. He appears to have come from the East Lincolnshire. The earliest information is that in 1524 Taverner traveled to the Church of St, Botolph as a guest singer. In 1526, Taverner became the first Organist and Master of the Choristers at Christ Church Oxford appointed by none other than Cardinal Wolsey himself. The college had been founded in 1525 by Cardinal Wolsey, and was then known as Cardinal College. In 1528 Taverner was reprimanded for his involvement with the Lutherans but escaped punishment for being "but a musitian". Wolsey fell from favour in 1529, and in 1530 Taverner left the college. He married a widow, one Rose Parrowe, probably in 1536, and she outlived him until 1553.

I couldn't find any Organ music and due to the similarity in names to Sir John Taverner finding stuff was tough but I found this instrumental work: In Nomine.

Thomas Tallis 1505-1585 was one of the most influential English composers of the 16th century. Little is known of his early life but in 1532 he was appointed organist of Dover Priory. In 1538 he became the organist of Waltham Abbey in Essex until it was "dissolved" in 1540. In 1543 he was appointed to Canterbury Cathedral where he composed and performed for the likes of Henry VIII, Edward VI, Queen Mary and Queen Elizabeth the first until his death in 1585. Tallis was buried in the chancel of the parish of St. Alfege Church in Greenwich. To this day, the exact location in St Alfege Church of Tallis's remains is unknown. Just like some other guys I've mentioned previously---I sense a pattern forming here. Well in any case here is one of his "six pieces for organ".

And his "Felix Namque", and the video is pretty cool too.

William Byrd, 1539-1623 was a student of Thomas Tallis. In fact in 1575, Queen Elizabeth granted Tallis and Byrd a 21-year monopoly for the production of polyphonic music and a patent to print and publish music, which was one of the first arrangements of that type in the country. Tallis's monopoly covered 'set songe or songes in parts', and he composed in English, Latin French, Italian, or other tongues as long as they served for music in the Church or chamber. Tallis had exclusive rights to print any music, in any language.

There is no documentary evidence concerning Byrd's early musical training. His two brothers were choristers at St. Pauls Cathedral, and Byrd may have been a chorister there as well. A reference in the prefatory material to the Cantiones sacrae published by Byrd and Thomas Tallis in 1575 tends to confirm that Byrd was a pupil of Tallis in the Chapel Royal. According to Anthony Wood, Byrd was "bred up to musick under Tho. Tallis."

Byrd's first known professional employment was his appointment in 1563 as organist and master of the choristers at Lincoln Cathedral, he remained in post until 1572. His period at Lincoln was not entirely trouble-free, for on 19 November 1569 the Dean and Chapter cited him for 'certain matters alleged against him' as the result of which his salary was suspended. Since Puritanism was influential at Lincoln, it is possible that the allegations were connected with over-elaborate choral polyphony or organ playing. A second directive, dated 29 November, issued detailed instructions regarding Byrd's use of the organ in the liturgy. On 14 September 1568, Byrd married Julian Birley; it was a long-lasting and fruitful union which produced at least seven children. OK not very MGTOW BUT....

Byrd obtained the prestigious post of Gentleman of the Chapel Royal in 1572. Almost from the outset Byrd is named as 'organist', which however was not a designated post but an occupation for any Chapel Royal member capable of filling it. This career move vastly increased Byrd's opportunities to widen his scope as a composer and also to make contacts at Court. Queen Elizabeth I was a moderate Protestant who eschewed the more extreme forms of Puritanism and retained a fondness for elaborate ritual, besides being a music lover and keyboard player herself. Byrd's output of Anglican church music (defined in the strictest sense as sacred music designed for performance in church) is surprisingly small, but it stretches the limits of elaboration then regarded as acceptable by some reforming Protestants who regarded highly wrought music as a distraction from the Word of God.

Byrd's output of about 470 compositions amply justifies his reputation as one of the great masters of European Renaissance music. Perhaps his most impressive achievement as a composer was his ability to transform so many of the main musical forms of his day and stamp them with his own identity. Having grown up in an age in which Latin polyphony was largely confined to liturgical items for the Sarum rite, he assimilated and mastered the Continental motet form of his day, employing a highly personal synthesis of English and continental models. He virtually created the Tudor consort and keyboard fantasia, having only the most primitive models to follow. He also raised the consort song, the church anthem and the Anglican service setting to new heights. Finally, despite a general aversion to the madrigal, he succeeded in cultivating secular vocal music in an impressive variety of forms in his three sets of 1588, 1589 and 1611. I should point out that I have our composers a little out of order SORRY Thomas Morley was also a student of Tallis. First up: The Galliarde to the 1st pavian:

Next up is his famous work "The Bells" but this is an organ version. "Sublime magnifique une pure merveille celui qui joue de l'organe est grandiose merci". And the viseo is pretty cool also.

and in conclusion the BRILLIANT Fantasia in C

OK this week there is a BONUS WORK: Bryd's The Battell---for those really into Martial Music!

 

OK the recovery of the old material is now complete so the material in the archive is back in order so now we can get back on track---before the whole redux thing we were about to finish up in Italy and jump back to Merry Ole England.


Beered by Matcha Savage, SimpleMath, BigSiameseCat and 2 people
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BigSiameseCat
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23/03/2019 1:13 am  

Finally a Friday Fantasia! The Bells video is so evocative. Thanks.


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SimpleMath
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23/03/2019 8:11 pm  

Great taste.

A survivor, against all the odds.


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Uly The Cunning
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25/03/2019 7:09 pm  

Hmm, Sir John Taverner died shortly after marrying a widow and she lived on probably to be a widow a few more times. Something fishy there. Ha! I wonder if the church found his music not okay to keep on record due to his 'falling out' with them.

William Byrd may not appear mgtow by marrying, but you can still be mgtow and independent and married. It really depends if you let the woman run things or you do your due diligence in maintaining control of the situation. From my understanding of history, those that had many children often were men who were happy with their home-life, and that is a sign of a man in control. From studies in history, these were also the homes with the happiest wives. 

"Remember, you're fighting for this woman's honor, which is probably more than she ever did."
Groucho Marx: Duck Soup (1933)


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BigSiameseCat
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25/03/2019 11:57 pm  

Uly, by suggesting that a man can be MGTOW and Independent while being married, even in a historical content, you are exposing yourself to charges of "HERESY!" from the minions of some other forums. Doubtless they will burn you in effigy. I have a suspicion that women from a traditional society would find most modern men to be quite spineless and unappealing, whereas they might find mgtow men more to their liking. Not that the mgtow men would be interested, though. As has been observed before, once you leave the plantation and discover that you can cook and clean for yourself easily enough, there's not much inducement to put up with any nonsense.


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Uly The Cunning
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26/03/2019 12:32 am  
Posted by: BigSiameseCat

Uly, by suggesting that a man can be MGTOW and Independent while being married, even in a historical content, you are exposing yourself to charges of "HERESY!" from the minions of some other forums. Doubtless they will burn you in effigy. I have a suspicion that women from a traditional society would find most modern men to be quite spineless and unappealing, whereas they might find mgtow men more to their liking. Not that the mgtow men would be interested, though. As has been observed before, once you leave the plantation and discover that you can cook and clean for yourself easily enough, there's not much inducement to put up with any nonsense.

Not even one woman from a historical standpoint would be interested in modern men. They are pushovers and do not resemble men. You make good points and it is difficult to compare women then and now. 

"Remember, you're fighting for this woman's honor, which is probably more than she ever did."
Groucho Marx: Duck Soup (1933)


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